This Month in History - April

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Facts About the Month of April
The month of April is the fourth of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and consists of 30 days. The Latin translation of March is Aprilis, although the derivation of this name is unclear. It’s believed that it may have come from the verb ‘aperire’, meaning to open, and may relate to the opening of flowers in spring. The birthstone for this month is the diamond, and the Zodiac signs that cover this month are Aries, from 1 to 19, and Taurus from 20 to 30.

What Important Historic Events Occurred During this Month?
The categories within these pages include Politics, Entertainment, Transport, The Arts, War, Disasters, Battles and Births. There are short summaries of some of the most noteworthy incidents that took place in this month, Such as:

First Week in April
Charles Dickens’ novel ‘Hard Times for These Times’ was published on April 1, 1854, and on the same day of the month in 1891, William Wrigley Jr. founded the Wrigley Company which sold soap before selling chewing gum – Explorer Juan Ponce de Leon saw Florida for the first time on April 2, 1513, and Mafia boss John Gotti was convicted of various crimes, including murder and bribery, on the same day of the month in 1992 – The outlaw Jesse James was shot and killed in St. Joseph, Missouri on April 3, 1860, and Motorola executive Martin Cooper made the first handheld mobile phone call on the same day of the month in 1973 – English explorer and privateer Sir Francis Drake was knighted by Queen Elizabeth I on April 4, 1581, and on the same day of the month in 1964, the Beatles occupied the top five positions on the American Billboard Hot 100 – Native American Princess Pocahontas married English settler John Rolfe on April 5, 1614, and Hollywood Movie star Charlton Heston died from pneumonia on the same day of the month in 2008 – King of England Richard I died in Limousin, France, from an infected arrow wound on April 6, 1199, and on the same day of the month in 1947, the first Tony Awards were held in New York – English highwayman Dick Turpin was hanged in York for horse theft on April 7, 1739, and Booker T. Washington became the first African American to be depicted on a postage stamp on the same day of the month in 1940.
 

Second Week in April
The ancient Greek statue ‘Venus de Milo’ was discovered in Milos, Greece on April 8, 1820, and on the same day of the month in 1986, movie actor Clint Eastwood was elected Mayor of Carmel, California – The mouth of the Mississippi River was discovered by Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle on April 9, 1682, and the maiden flight of the British built Concorde 002 took place on the same day of the month in 1969 – 71,000 were killed when Mount Tambora, in the Dutch East Indies, erupted on April 10, 1815, and on the same day of the month in 1916, the Professional Golfers’ Association of America was founded in New York – Buchenwald Concentration Camp in Weimar, Germany, was liberated by American troops on April 11, 1945, and on the same day of the month in 1981, the Brixton Riots began in London, England – American President Franklin D. Roosevelt died, in office, from a cerebral haemorrhage on April 12, 1945, and Disneyland opened, as Eurodisney, in Paris, France, on the same day of the month in1992 – The premiere of George Handel’s oratorio ‘Messiah’ took place at the Great Music Hall in Dublin, Ireland, on April 13, 1742, and on the same day of the month in 1970, an oxygen tank aboard Apollo 13 exploded during it’s mission to the moon – American President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865, and RMS Titanic collided with an iceberg during her maiden voyage on the same day of the month in 1912.

Third Week in April
The American School for the Deaf was founded in Hartford, Connecticut, on April 15, 1817, an on the same day of the month in 1947, American Jackie Robinson debuted for the Brooklyn Dodgers as the first African American major league baseball player – Charles Edward Stuart’s Jacobite forces were defeated at the Battle of Culloden on April 16, 1746, and on the same day of the month in 1912, American aviator Harriet Quimby became the first woman to fly across the English Channel – The first recital of Geoffrey Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales took place in the court of King Richard II on April 17, 1397, and American rock and roll legend Eddie Cochran died in a taxi crash in Bath, England, on the same day of the month in 1960 – The cornerstone of the new St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome was laid on April 18, 1506, and on the same day of the month in 1923, the Yankee Ballpark (later the Yankee Stadium) opened in the Bronx, New York – The proxy wedding of Marie Antoinette and the French Dauphin, Louis Auguste, took place in Vienna on April 19, 1770, and the animated sitcom ‘The Simpsons’ made it’s first appearance on the Tracey Ullman Show on the same day of the month in 1987 – French explorer Jacques Cartier embarked on his first voyage to Newfoundland on April 20, 1534, and on the same day of the month in 2008, American racing driver Danica Patrick became the first female to win an Indy Car race – Henry VIII became King of England on April 21, 1509, following the death of his father Henry VII, and on the same day of the month in 1934, the alleged photograph of the Loch Ness Monster known as the ‘Surgeon’s Photograph’ appeared in the Daily Mail newspaper.

Fourth Week in April
Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz (later Vera Cruz) was founded by Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortez on April 22, 1519, and on the same day of the month in 1969, British sailor Robin Knox-Johnston became the first person to sail single handedly, and non stop, around the world – The first and oldest public school in the United States was founded on April 23, 1635, in Massachusetts, and the first ever YouTube video was uploaded on the same day of the month in 2005 – The first regular newspaper in British colonial America, the Boston Letter, was published on April 24, 1704, and on the same day of the month in 1990, the space shuttle Discovery, carrying the Hubble Space Telescope, was launched in Florida – French highwayman Nicolas Jacques Pelletier became the first ever victim of the guillotine on April 25, 1792, and the United States Navy’s submarine USS Triton completed the first underwater circumnavigation of the world on the same day of the month in 1960 – English playwright William Shakespeare was baptized in Stratford-upon-Avon on April 26, 1564, and on the same day of the month in 1933, the Gestapo, Nazi Germany’s secret police, were formed by Hermann Goering – A Papal Bull was issued against Queen Elizabeth I on April 27, 1570, declaring her a heretic, and on the same day in 1986, Pripyat was evacuated in the aftermath of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Fire – British sailors, led by Acting Lieutenant Fletcher Christian, began the Mutiny on the Bounty on April 28, 1789, and Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl and his crew sailed from Peru aboard the replica boat Kon-Tiki on the same day of the month in 1947 – British explorer James Cook arrived at Botany Bay in Australia on April 29, 1770, and on the same day of the month in 1968, the controversial musical ‘Hair’ opened in Broadway’s Biltmore Theater – George Washington was inaugurated as the first United States President on April 30, 1789, and Nazi Germany’s Leader, Adolph Hitler, committed suicide on the same day of the month in 1945.

This Month in History - April

Month In History - Founding of the Wrigley Company - Month In History - Killing of the Outlaw Jesse James - Month In History - First Handheld Mobile Phone Call - Month In History - Marriage of Pocahontas - Month In History - Discovery of the Mississippi River Mouth - Month In History - Assassination of Abraham Lincoln - Month In History - Collision of RMS Titanic With an Iceberg - Month In History - Defeat of the Jacobites at Culloden - Month In History - First appearance of 'The Simpsons' - Month In History - First YouTube Video - Month In History

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