This Month in History - December

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Facts About the Month of December
The month of December is the twelfth of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and consists of 31 days. Being the tenth month in the Roman Calendar, the name December came from Decem, the Latin word for ten. The birthstones for this month are turquoise, tanzanite, and zircon, and the Zodiac signs that cover this month are Sagittarius, from 1 to 21, and Capricorn from 22 to 31.

What Important Historic Events Occurred During this Month?
T
he categories within these pages include Battles, War, Disasters, Politics, Births, Deaths, Entertainment and Transport. There are short summaries of some of the most noteworthy incidents that took place in this month, Such as:

First Week in December
The Southern States’ first historically black university was founded on December 1, 1865, and on the same day of the month in 1924, the first Boston Bruins NHL Game was played – The coronation of Napoleon Bonaparte took place in Notre Dame, Paris, on December 2, 1804, and American abolitionist John Brown was executed by hanging on the same day of the month in 1859 – The Eureka Rebellion in Victoria, Australia, ended in a massacre on December 3, 1854, and Laurel and Hardy’s first official film together was released in the United States on the same day of the month in 1927 – George Washington’s farewell to his officers took place in New York on December 4, 1783, and on the same day of the month in 1872, the Mary Celeste was found abandoned in the Atlantic ocean – The Montgomery Bus Boycott began on December 5, 1955, and anti-apartheid activist, and former President of South Africa, Nelson Mandela died on the same day of the month in 2013 – The first edition of the Washington Post was published on December 6, 1877, and on the same day of the month in 1912, a bust of Egyptian Queen Nefertiti was found in Amarna, Egypt – The New York Philharmonic’s first concert took place on Broadway on December 7, 1842, and Japan launched a surprise attack on the U.S. Naval base at Pearl Harbor on the same day of the month in 1941.

Second Week in December
Ludwig van Beethoven’s Symphony No. 7 premiered in Vienna, Austria, on December 8, 1813, and on the same day of the month in 1980, musician and former Beatle John Lennon was murdered in New York City – The world’s first traffic lights were installed in Westminster, London, on December 9, 1868, and the animated television special ‘A Charlie Brown Christmas’ was released on the same day of the month in 1965 – Mark Twain’s ‘Adventures of Huckleberry Finn’ was published on December 10, 1884, and on the same day of the month in 1901, the first Nobel prizes were awarded in Stockholm – The trial of King Louis XVI of France began on December 11, 1792, and American singer songwriter Sam Cooke was shot dead on the same day of the month in 1964 – American ironclad warship USS Cairo was sunk by a mine on December 12, 1862, and on the same day of the month in 1941, Adolph Hitler announced his intention to annihilate the Jews – English explorer and privateer Sir Francis Drake began his circumnavigation of the globe on December 13, 1577, and the premiere of George Gershwin’s ‘An American in Paris’ took place on the same day of the month in 1928 – Mary Stuart became Mary Queen of Scots when she acceded to the Scottish throne on December 14, 1542, and on the same day of the month in 1911, Roald Amundsen and his team became the first men to reach the South Pole.

Third Week in December
Academy Award winning film ‘Gone With The Wind’ premiered in Atlanta on December 15, 1939, and on the same day of the month in 2001, Italy’s Leaning Tower of Pisa was reopened to the public following stabilization works – The event know as the Boston Tea Party occurred on December 16, 1773, and Judge Robert Smith Vance was killed by a mail bomb on the same day of the month in 1989 – The Aztec Sun Stone was discovered in Mexico City on December 17, 1790, and on the same day of the month in 1903, the Wright Flyer made it’s first flight – The first recognized land speed record was set in France on December 18, 1898, and on the same day of the month in 1939, the Admiral Graf Spee was scuttled off Uruguay by her commander – Thomas Paine’s pamphlet ‘American Crisis Number 1’ was published on December 19, 1776, and the House of Representatives initiated the impeachment process against President Bill Clinton on the same day of the month in 1998 – South Carolina became the first state to secede from the United States on December 20, 1860, and on the same day of the month in 1946, Frank Capra’s Christmas classic ‘It’s a Wonderful Life’ was released in New York – The Pilgrim Fathers landed at Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts on December 21, 1620, and on the same day of the month in 1988, Pan Am Flight 103 was blown up, by a bomb, over Lockerbie, Scotland.

Fourth Week in December
The first tube of New York’s Lincoln Tunnel was opened on December 22, 1937, and on the same day of the month in 1989, the Brandenburg Gate was reopened in Berlin, Germany – George Washington resigned as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army on December 23, 1783, and the aircraft ‘Voyager’ became the first aircraft to fly round the world without refuelling or stopping on the same day of the month in 1986 – The first performance of the Christmas carol Silent Night took place on December 24, 1818, in Oberndorf, Austria, and on the same day of the month in 1914, an unofficial truce took place on the Western Front with opposing soldiers greeting each other and exchanging gifts – Christopher Columbus’s ship Santa Maria was wrecked on Hispaniola on December 25, 1492, and British singer, songwriter and former member of Wham! George Michael died at his home in Oxfordshire, England on the same day of the month in 2016 – 72 people were killed in the Richmond Theatre fire on December 26, 1811, and on the same day of the month in 1963, the Beatles single ‘I Want to Hold Your Hand’ was released in the United States – The slave uprising known as the Baptist War took place on December 27, 1831, and on the same day of the month in 1932, New York’s Radio City Music Hall was opened – The Lumiere brothers gave their first public screening in Paris on December 28, 1895, and an earthquake struck the Strait of Messina, Italy, on the same day of the month in 1908 – Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Becket was murdered in Canterbury Cathedral, England, on December 29, 1170, and on the same day of the month in 1916, James Joyce’s novel ‘A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man’ was published – Montreal’s Ernie McLea scored the first Stanley Cup hat trick on December 30, 1896, and on the same day of the month in 1916, Russian mystic/holy man Grigori Rasputin was murdered in Saint Petersburg, Russia – A banquet took place in the mould of a model iguanodon on December 31, 1853, and on the same day of the month in 1904, the first celebration of New Year’s Eve, to be held in Times Square, took place.

This Month in History - December

Month In History - First Boston Bruins NHL Game - Month In History - Coronation of Napoleon Bonaparte - Month In History - Finding of the Mary Celeste - Month In History - Montgomery Bus Boycott - Month In History - Murder of John Lennon- Month In History - The First Traffic Lights - Month In History - Discovery of the Aztec Sun Stone - Month In History - Scuttling of the Admiral Graf Spee - Month In History - Wrecking of the Santa Maria - Month In History - Death of George Michael - Month In History

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