This Month in History - February

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Facts About the Month of February
The month of February is the second of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and consists of 28 days in standard years and 29 in leap years. The Latin translation of February is Februarius, and is named after the Latin word for purification, februum. The birthstone for this month is the Amethyst, and the Zodiac signs that cover this month are Aquarius, from 1 to 19, and Pisces from 20 to 28/29.

What Important Historic Incidents Took Place During this Month?
The categories within these pages include Births, Deaths, Transport, Entertainment, The Arts, Slavery, Politics and Disasters. There are short summaries of some of the most noteworthy incidents that took place in this month, Such as:

First Week in February
The Greensboro sit ins, demonstrating against racial segregation in public places, took place on February 1, 1960, and on the same day of the month in 1964, the Beatles had their first American number 1 – Alexander Selkirk, the castaway fictionalised as Robinson Crusoe, was rescued on February 2, 1709, and Academy Award winning, Hollywood legend Gene Kelly died, in California, on the same day of the month in 1996 – The Amendment giving ex-slaves the right to vote, was ratified on February 3, 1870, and New York cop Frank Serpico, subject of the film ‘Serpico’ was shot on the same day of the month in 1971 – English clergyman, John Rogers, became was executed on February 4, 1555, during the reign of ‘Bloody Mary’, and the United Service Organization was founded by social reformer Mary Ingraham on the same day of the month in 1941 – A devastating earthquake struck Pompeii on February 5, AD 62, 17 years before Vesuvius erupted, and the 293 lb alluvial gold nugget ‘Welcome Stranger’ was found in Victoria, Australia, on the same day of the month in 1869 – Musician and singer Bob Marley, was born in Saint Ann Parish, Jamaica, on February 6, 1945. On the same day of the month in 1952, King George VI of England died – Walt Disney’s Pinocchio, was released on February 7, 1940, and on the same day of the month in 1964, the Beatles arrived at New York’s Kennedy Airport to start their first American tour.

Second Week in February
Mary Queen of Scots was beheaded on February 8, 1587, and on the same day of the month in 1924, Chinese national, Gee Jon, became the first person, in the United States, to be executed by lethal gas – On February 9, 1825, John Quincy Adams became the first President to be elected by the House of Representatives, and on the same day in 1971, it was announced that Satchel Paige would become the first Negro League player to be elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame – The marriage of Queen Victoria to Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha took place in St. James’s Palace, London, on February 10, 1840, and on the same day of the month in 2014, Hollywood actress Shirley Temple, died in California – Bernadette Soubirous observed the first appearance of ‘Our Lady at Lourdes’ on February 11, 1858, and Nelson Mandela was released from prison on the same day of the month in 1990 – Building of the Lincoln Memorial commenced on November, 12, 1914, and on the same day of the month in 1994, Edvard Munch’s painting ‘The Scream’ was stolen in Oslo – 25,000 people were killed when the Allies bombed Dresden on February 13, 1945, and on the same day of the month in 1954, Frank Selvy became the first NCAA Division 1 basketball player to score 100 points in a single game – The St. Valentines Day Massacre, believed to have been carried out by Al Capone’s gang, occurred on February 14, 1929, and YouTube was founded on the same day of the month in 2005, by three former PayPal employees.

Third Week in February
On February 15, 1898, USS Maine sank, in Havana Harbor, after an explosion. On the same day of the month in 1961, the entire U.S. figure skating team was killed when Sabena Flight 548 crashed in Belgium – Archaeologist Howard Carter opened the sealed door to Tutankhamun’s burial chamber on February 16, 1923, and on the same day of the month in 2004, the cancellation of the NHL’s 2004-05 season was announced – Myles Standish was elected as the first Commander of the Plymouth Colony Militia on February 17, 1621, and the Basketball Hall of Fame was opened on the same day of the month in 1968 – Jefferson Davis was inaugurated as President of the Confederate States of America, on February 18, 1861, and on the same day of the year in 1885, Mark Twain’s ‘The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn’ was published in America – The first rescuers to reach the Donner Party, in the Sierra Nevada mountains, arrived on February 19, 1847, and on the same day of the month in 1945, the American invasion of Iwo Jima commenced – On February 20, 1872, the Metropolitan Museum of Art opened in New York, and on the same day of the month in 1962, John Glenn orbited the Earth, becoming the first American to do so – The first issue of the New Yorker was issued, in New York, on February 21, 1925, and on the same day of the month in 1965, African American Minister and human rights activist, Malcolm X, was assassinated in Manhattan.

Fourth Week in February
The first Woolworth store was opened, as a five cent store, in Utica, New York, on February 22, 1862, and on the same day of the month in 1987, world famous pop artist Andy Warhol died while recovering from surgery – Cuba leased Guantanamo Bay, which now contains the detention camp, to the United States, in perpituity, on February 23, 1903. On the same day of the month in 2008, the B-2 Stealth Bomber ‘Spirit of Kansas’ became the first B-2 to crash when the crew lost control in Guam – The first impeachment of a President, Andrew Johnson, was set in motion on February 24, 1868, and on the same day of the month in 1984, Tyrone Mitchell fired at children in a school playground in Los Angeles – Musician and Beatles lead guitarist, George Harrison, was born in Liverpool England, on November 25, 1943, and on the same day in 1964, Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) became Boxing’s youngest World Heavyweight Champion – A successful demonstration that radio waves could be used to detect aircraft was carried out on November 26, 1935, and on the same day of the month in 1993, a bomb was ignited on the B-2 level of the World Trade Centre’s north tower – Lincoln’s influential ‘Cooper Union Speech’ was delivered, by him, in New York City, on February 27, 1860. On the same day of the month in 1940, Carbon-14, the basis for carbon dating, was discovered at the University of California, Berkeley – Nylon was invented on November 28, 1935, by Wallace Crothers in the DuPont Experimental Station in Wilmington, Delaware. On the same day of the month in 1940, the first televised college basketball game was broadcast – On November 29, 1504, Christopher Columbus used an eclipse to acquire supplies from the natives in Jamaica, and on the same day of the month in 1940, Hattie McDaniel became the first African American to receive an Oscar.

This Month in History - February

Month In History - The Beatles First American Number 1 - Month In History - The First Appearance of 'Our Lady at Lourdes' - Month In History - The First Negro League Player in the Baseball Hall of Fame - Month In History - The Freeing of Nelson Mandela - Month In History - The St. Valentine's Day Masssacre - Month In History - The Opening of Tutankhamun's Tomb - Month In History - The Publishing of 'The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn' - Month In History - The First American to Orbit the Earth - Month In History - The Youngest World Heavyweight Champion - Month In History - The Invention of Nylon - Month In History

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