This Month in History - January

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Facts About the Month of January
The month of January is the first of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and consists of 31 days. The Latin translation of January is Ianuarius, and is named after ianua, the Latin word for door. The birthstone for this month is the Garnet, and the Zodiac signs that cover this month are Capricorn, from 1 to 19, and Aquarius from 20 to 31.

What Important Historic Events Occurred During this Month?
Within these pages, are categories such as Entertainment, Transport, Births, Deaths, Disasters, Battles, War and Politics. There are brief overviews of some of the most notable events that took place in this month, Such as:

First Week in January
The Act banning the import of slaves into the USA came into effect on January 1, 1808, and on the same day of the month in 1902, the inaugural college football bowl game was played between Stanford Hope University and Michigan in Pasadena, California - The Big Bottom Massacre took place in Ohio, USA on January 2, 1791, and a German spy ring, operating in New York during World War II, was convicted by the FBI on the same day of the month in 1942 - George Washington defeated the British, under Charles Mawhood, at the Battle of Princeton on January 3, 1777, and construction of the Brooklyn Bridge, in New York, began on the same day of the month in 1870 - Samuel Colt received his first order for revolvers from the Texas Rangers on January 4, 1847, and on the same day of the month in 1853, Solomon Northup was freed after being kidnapped and sold into slavery - Nellie Davis Tayloe Ross became the first woman Governor of a U.S. State on January 5, 1925, and construction of San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge commenced on the same day of the month in 1933 - President Elect Franklin Pierce was in a train crash that killed his son on January 6, 1853, and the Four Freedoms speech was given by Franklin D. Roosevelt, in his State of the Union Address on the same day of the month in 1941 - The first transatlantic telephone call, between New York City, USA, and London, England, was made on January 7, 1927, and the Senate trial concerning President Bill Clinton’s impeachment commenced on the same day of the month in 1998.
 

Second Week in January
The first State of the Union Address was given by President George Washington in New York on January 8, 1790, and on the same day of the month in 1963, the National Gallery of Art, in Washington D.C., exhibited Leonardo Da Vinci’s Mona Lisa - Joan of Arc’s trial, chaired by the Bishop of Beauvais, began on January 9, 1431,and on the same day of the month in 2007, the original Apple iPhone was introduced to the world by Steve Jobs - Thomas Paine’s pamphlet ‘Common Sense’, championing American independence, was published on January 10, 1776, and the United Nations General Assembly held it’s first session in London, England, on the same day of the month in 1946 - American aviator Amelia Earhart became the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to California on January 11, 1935, and on the same day of the month in 1927, Louis B. Mayer, of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, announced the creation of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences - United States forces took part in their first major combat in Vietnam on January 12, 1962, and Dr. James Hiram Bedford became the first person to be cryopreserved, following his death, on the same day of the month in 1967 - The Rhoads Opera House burned down on January 13, 1908, causing the deaths of 171 people, and Lee de Forest transmitted the first public radio broadcast, on the same day of the month in 1910, from the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City - NBC’s Today program was first broadcast on January 14, 1952 with David Garroway as host, and Hollywood legend Humphrey Bogart died from cancer of the esophagus on the same day of the month in 1957.

Third Week in January
The Coronation of Queen Elizabeth I of England took place on January 15, 1559 and on the same day of the month in 1967, the first Super Bowl game was played, in the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, by the Kansas City Chiefs and the Green Bay Packers - Ernest Shackleton discovered the approximate location of the South Magnetic Pole on January 16, 1908, and the musical Hello Dolly opened on the same day of the month at the St. James Theatre, on Broadway - Comic strip character Popeye the Sailor Man first appeared on January 17, 1929, in the Thimble Theatre, and on the same day of the month in 1998, Internet based ‘Drudge Report’ broke the news of the Lewinski Scandal - Author of The Jungle Book and Kim, Rudyard Kipling, died on January 18, 1936, in London, England, and the man suspected of being the Boston Strangler, Albert Henry de Salvo, was sentenced to life on the same day of the month in 1967 - Thomas Edison’s overhead lighting system went into service in Roselle, New Jersey on February 19, 1883, and on the same day of the month in 1953, 44 million people tuned in to I Love Lucy, on CBS, to watch Lucy give birth - The National Negro Network was founded on January 20, 1954, by W. Leonard Evans Jr, and John F. Kennedy was sworn in as the youngest elected United States President on the same day of the month in 1961- The last King of France, Louis XVI, was executed by guillotine, in Paris, on January 21, 1793, and on the same day of the month in 1981, the first DeLorean DMC-12 car, as featured in the film Back to the Future, rolled off the production line.

Fourth Week in January
George Metesky, aka the Mad Bomber, was arrested on January 22, 1957, after a series of pipe bomb explosions, and American television and film actor Telly Savalas, well known for his television role Kojak, died from cancer on the same day of the month in 1994 - Elizabeth Blackwell, graduated as a doctor on January 23, 1849, becoming the first female doctor in the United States. On the same day of the month in 1870, the Marias Massacre took place when a squadron of U.S. Cavalry attacked a friendly Indian Camp - American carpenter James W. Marshall started the California Gold Rush when he found gold on January 24, 1848, and American singer-songwriter Neil Diamond was born in Brooklyn, New York, on the same day of the month in 1941 - Nellie Bly, a New York World Journalist, completed an emulation of ‘Around the World in Eight Days’ on January 25, 1890, and notorious gangster Al Capone died from a heart attack, in Florida, on the same day of the month in 1947 - John Logie Baird transmitted moving images for the first time, in public, at his London Laboratory, on January 26, 1926, and on the same day of the month in 1945, during World War II, Hollywood actor Audie Murphy earned the Medal of Honor - The trial of Guy Fawkes, and the other gunpowder plotters, began on January 27, 1606, and the Auschwitz concentration camp was liberated on the same day of the month in 1945, by the Red Army - Rock and Roll legend Elvis Presley made his first television appearance on January 28, 1956, and on the same day of the month in1986, the Challenger space shuttle exploded shortly after take off from Cape Canaveral - The Raven, by Edgar Allan Poe, was published in the New York Evening Mirror on January 29, 1845, and on the same day of the month in 1907, Charles Curtis became the first Native American to be elected as a United States Senator - An attempted assassination of President Andrew Jackson took place in Washington D.C. on January 30, 1835, and the Beatles gave their last public performance, on the roof of the Abbey Wood Studios, on the same day of the month in 1969 - Eddie Slovik became the only American soldier to be executed since the civil war, on January 31, 1945, and on the same day of the month in 1961, Ham the chimpanzee became the first primate to execute tasks in space flight.

This Month in History - January

Month In History - Playing of the Inaugural College Football Game - Month In History - Defeat of the British at the Battle of Princeton - Month In History - Freedom of Solomon Northup - Month In History - First Transatlantic Telephone Call - Month In History - Introduction of the Original iPhone - Month In History - Challenger Shuttle Disaster - Month In History - Big Bottom Massacre - Month In History - First Superbowl Game - Month In History - Death of American Gangster Al Capone - Month In History - Sentencing of the Boston Strangler - Month In History

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