This Month in History - March

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Facts About the Month of March
The month of March is the third of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and consists of 31 days. The Latin translation of March is Martius, named after the Roman god of war Mars, and was the first month in the Roman calendar. The birthstones for this month are the aquamarine and bloodstone, and the Zodiac signs that cover this month are Pisces, from 1 to 20, and Aries from 21 to 31.

What Important Historic Events Occurred During this Month?
The categories within these pages include The Arts, Disasters, War, Deaths, Births, Politics, Transport, and Entertainment. There are short summaries of some of the most noteworthy incidents that took place in this month, Such as:

First Week in March
The Salem Witch Trials began with three women appearing before magistrates on March 1, 1692, and on the same day of the month in 1815, Napoleon Bonaparte arrived back in France after escaping from Elba – The Ten Broeck Race Course auction of more than 400 slaves began on March 2, 1859, and the first Concorde prototype made it’s first test flight on the same day of the month in 1969 – The premier of Georges Bizet’s opera Carmen took place in the Opera-Comique, Paris, on March 3, 1875, and on the same day of the month in 1987, Golden Globe winning Hollywood legend Danny Kaye died from heart failure in California – The first United States Congress, which produced the Bill of Rights, met in New York from March 4, 1789, and silent film legend Charlie Chaplin was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II on the same day of the month in 1975 – On March 5, 1496, Italian explorer John Cabot received Letters Patent, in England, to explore unknown lands, and on the same day of the month in 1963, three country music artists, including Patsy Cline, were killed in a plane crash – On March 6, 632, in the Uranah Valley of Mount Arafat, Muhammad gave his Farewell Sermon, and the trial of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, for espionage, began on the same day of the month in 1951 – A patent was granted, by the United States Patent Office, to Alexander Graham Bell for his telephone, on March 7, 1876, and on the same day of the month in 1986, the space shuttle Challenger’s crew compartment was found in the Atlantic Ocean.

Second Week in March
The anonymous article ‘African Slavery in America’, which proposed the abolition of slavery, was published on March 8, 1775, and on the same day of the month in 1910, French aviator Raymonde de Laroche became the first woman in the world to receive an aeroplane pilot’s licence – The marriage of Napoleon Bonaparte and Josephine de Beauharnais took place in Paris on March 9, 1796, and on the same day of the month in 1959, Mattel’s Barbie doll was introduced in New York, at the International Toy Fair – The American flag was raised in St. Louis on March 10, 1804, bringing the Louisiana Purchase to it’s conclusion, and on the same day of the month in 1933, an earthquake struck Long Beach California causing $40 million worth of damage – The single page Daily Courant became Britain’s first daily newspaper when it was published on March 11, 1702, and New York’s Roxy Theatre opened, with Gloria Swanson’s ‘The Love of Sunya’, on the same day of the month in 1927 – The Girl Guides of America were founded with the first troop meeting in Savannah, Georgia, on March 12, 1912, and on the same day of the month in 1930, Mahatma Ghandi began a 240 mile march to demonstrate against the British salt monopoly – Harvard College was named in honor of John Harvard by the members of the General Court of Massachusetts Bay on March 13, 1639, and Russian Emperor Alexander II was assassinated, by a bombing, in Saint Petersburg on the same day of the month in 1881 – American Inventor Eli Whitney received a patent from the U.S. Patent Office, on March 14, 1794, for his cotton gin, and the all sound version of Oscar Hammerstein’s ‘Showboat’ premiered in New York on the same day of the month in 1936.

Third Week in March
Roman Emperor Julius Caesar was stabbed to death near the Theatre of Pompey in Rome on March 15, 44BC, and luxury car maker Rolls Royce was incorporated by Charles Rolls and Henry Royce on the same day of the month in 1906 – The first native American to make contact with the Plymouth settlers, walked into their camp on March 16, 1621, and on the same day of the month in 1870, the premiere of Tchaikovsky’s first version of his ‘Romeo and Juliet’ took place in Moscow – President Franklin D. Roosevelt opened the National Gallery of Art in Washington D.C. on March 17, 1941, and a referendum, on a proposal to end apartheid, took place in South Africa on the same day of the month in 1992 – The express mail company American Express was founded by Henry Wells, William Fargo and John Butterfield on March 18, 1850, and Italy’s volcano, Mount Vesuvius, erupted on the same day of the month in 1944, destroying several villages – Laws, to legalize gambling in Nevada, were signed by Governor Fred B. Balzar on March 19, 1931, and on the same day of the month in 1962, American singer songwriter Bob Dylan’s debut album was released – The novel ‘Uncle Tom’s Cabin; or Life Among the Lowly’ by Harriet Beecher Stowe, was published on March 20, 1852, and the first Legoland Park outside of Europe was opened in Carlsbad, California, on the same day of the month in 1999 – Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer, was burnt at the stake for heresy on March 21, 1556, and on the same day of the month in 1963, ‘escape proof’ Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary, San Francisco, was closed.

Fourth Week in March
Explorer Amerigo Vespucci was appointed the Chief Navigator of Spain by King Ferdinand II of Aragon on March 22, 1508, and American Tara Lipinski became the youngest world figure skating champion on the same day of the month in 1997 – American explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark commenced their return trip from Fort Clatsop on March 23, 1806, and on the same day of the month in 1857, the world’s first successful passenger elevator was installed in New York – Mormonism and Latter Day Saints founder Joseph Smith was beaten, tarred and feathered on March 24, 1832, and Elvis Presley, the ‘King of Rock and Roll’, was drafted into the Unites States Army on the same day of the month in 1958 – Robert the Bruce seized the throne of Scotland and was crowned King of Scotland on March 25, 1306, and on the same day of the month in 1969, Ex Beatle John Lennon and Yoko Ono began a bed-in during their honeymoon in Amsterdam – Saladin was appointed Vizier of Egypt by Caliph Al-Adid on March 26, 1169, and the formal ground breaking ceremony for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial took place in Washington D.C. on the same day of the month in 1982 – The signing of the Naval Act of 1794, on March 27, 1794, brought the first permanent United States Navy into being, and on the same day of the month in 1915, Typhoid Mary, an Asymptomatic typhoid carrier, was quarantined for life – French aviator Henri Fabre became the first person to take off and land a seaplane on March 28, 1910, and on the same day of the month in 1990, sporting star Jesse Owens was posthumously awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor – The Viking siege of Paris, led by Norse Chieftain Ragnar Lodbrok, began on March 29, AD 855, and on the same day of the month in 1927, the land speed record was broken at Daytona Beach by the Sunbeam 1000 HP – After gaining Florida from the Spanish, East and West Florida were merged into the Florida Territory on March 30, 1822, and John Hinckley Jr. Attempted to assassinate President Ronald Reagan in Washington D.C. on the same day of the month in1981 – The Eiffel Tower, designed for the 1889 Exposition Universelle, was opened on March 31, 1889, and on the same day of the month in 1985, the first Wrestlemania, featuring Hulk Hogan and Mr. T, took place at Madison Square Garden.

This Month in History - March

Month In History - Salem Witch Trials Begin - Month In History - Charlie Chaplin Receives a Knighthood - Month In History - Napoleon Bonaparte Marries Josephine de Beauharnais - Month In History - New York's Roxy Theatre Opens - Month In History - Julius Caesar is Assassinated - Month In History - Release of Bob Dylan's Debut Album - Month In History - Lewis and Clark Begin Their Return Journey - Month In History - Elvis Presley is Drafted - Month In History - Jesse Owens Posthumously Awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor - Month In History - Attempted Assassination of President Ronald Reagan - Month In History

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