This Month in History - November

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Facts About the Month of November
The month of November is the eleventh of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and consists of 30 days. November comes from the Latin word for nine, Novem, as November was the ninth of the ten months in the ancient Roman Calendar. November’s birthstone is Topaz, and November is covered by the Zodiac signs Scorpio, from 1 to 21, and Sagittarius, from 22 to 30.

What Important Historic Events Occurred During this Month?
Within these pages, are categories such as Transport, Battles, Births, Disasters, Deaths, Politics, Slavery and Entertainment. There are brief summaries of some of the most interesting events that took place in this month, such as:

First Week in November
The Strait of Magellan in South America was discovered by Ferdinand Magellan on November 1, 1520, and on the same day of the month in 1800, John Adams became the first President to occupy the White House – Howard Hughes’s H-4 Hercules flying boat made it’s one and only flight on November 2, 1947, and on the same day of the month in 1960, Penguin Books was found not guilty, under the Obscene Publications Act, after publishing Lady Chatterley's Lover – The Chevrolet Motor Company was founded on November 3, 1911, by Louis Chevrolet and William C. Durant, and the Greensboro massacre, involving the Ku Klux Klan, took place on the same day of the month in 1979 – Tutankhamun’s tomb was discovered in the Valley of the Kings, Egypt, by Howard Carter on November 4, 1922, and Barack Obama became the first African-American to be elected as President of the United States on the same day of the month in 2008 – British spy Sidney Reilly, the inspiration for Ian Fleming’s James Bond, was executed on November 5, 1925, and on the same day of the month in 2009 U.S. Army Major Nidal Hasan carried out the Fort Hood massacre in Texas – On November 6, 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected as President of the United States of America, and on the same day of the month in 1869, the first official American football game was played in New Brunswick – The outlaws Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid were killed, during a shoot out in Bolivia, on November 7, 1908, and the Museum of Modern Art in Manhattan, New York, was established on the same day of the month in 1929.

Second Week in November
Spanish explorer and conquistador, Hernan Cortes, arrived in the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan, on November 8, 1590, and on the same day of the month in 1895, X-Rays were discovered by German Physicist Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen – The pilgrims aboard the Mayflower sighted Cape Cod on November 9, 1620, and the first issue of Rolling Stone, featuring the Monterey Pop Festival, was published on the same day of the month in 1967 – The missing Scottish missionary and explorer David Livingstone was located in Africa on November 10, 1871, and the first series of the educational television program Sesame Street aired on the same day of the month in 1969 – Rebel Slave Nat Turner was hanged, in Virginia, on November 11, 1831, and the Einstein Refrigerator, invented by Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard, was patented on the same day of the month in 1930 – The frozen bodies of British Explorer Robert Scott and his men were discovered in Antarctica on November 12, 1912, and on the same day of the month in 2001, American Airlines Flight 587 crashed in Belle Harbor, Queens, shortly after take off – Walt Disney’s third animated feature film, Fantasia, was released on November 13, 1940, and on the same day of the month in 1956, segregation on Alabama’s buses ended after being ruled illegal – The novel Moby Dick, by Herman Melville, was published in New York on November 14, 1851, and on the same day of the month in 1889, New York World journalist Nellie Bly began an attempt to circumnavigate the world in 80 days.

Third Week in November
Spanish explorer and conquistador Francisco Pizarro entered the Incan Capital, Cuzco, on November 15, 1533, and on the same day of the month in 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt laid the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial – The ocean liner RMS Mauretania began her maiden voyage from Liverpool to New York on November 16, 1907, and the Mad Bomber, George Metesky, planted his first bomb in Manhattan on the same day of the month in 1940 – England’s Elizabethan Era began on November 17, 1558, when Elizabeth I succeeded Mary I, and on the same day of the month, Captain Nathaniel Brown Parker became the first American to discover the Antarctic Peninsular – The New York Saturday Press published Mark Twain’s ‘Jim Smiley and His Jumping Frog’ on November 18, 1865, and Steamboat Willie, featuring Mickey Mouse, was released by Walt Disney Studios on the same day of the month in 1928 - Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address was delivered on November 19, 1863, at the Soldiers’ National Cemetery, and Vincent van Gogh’s self portrait ‘Portrait de l'artiste sans barbe’ sold at auction for $71.5 million on the same day of the month in 1998 – On November 20, 1820, the whaler Essex was attacked and sunk by an 85ft Sperm Whale in the Pacific Ocean, and on the same day of the month in 1992, a fire broke out in England’s Windsor Castle causing severe damage – On November 21, 1783, the first untethered hot air balloon flight took place in Paris, France, and His Majesty’s Hospital Ship Britannic was sunk by mines on the same day of the month in 1916.

Fourth Week in November
The notorious pirate Blackbeard was killed near Ocracoke Island, North Carolina on November 22, 1718, and American President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas on the same day of the month in 1963 – The first jukebox in the world was installed by Louis Glass in the Palais Royale Saloon, San Francisco, on November 23, 1889, and the world’s first Smartphone was introduced by IBM in Las Vegas on the same day of the month in 1992 – The Texas Rangers were formed on November 24, 1835, after a proposal by Daniel Parker, and on the same day of the month in 1963, JFK killer Lee Harvey Oswald became the first person to be killed live on television – The last of the British troops to leave America after the Revolutionary war evacuated New York on November 25, 1783, and Agatha Christie’s record breaking play The Mousetrap, opened in London’s West End on the same day of the month in 1952 – Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon became the first people to enter Tutankhamun’s tomb in more than 3,000 years on November 26, 1922, and the final Concorde flight took place on the same day of the month in 2003 – Richard Strauss’s Also sprach Zarathustra premiered in Frankfurt on November 27, 1896, and on the same day of the month in 1924, the first Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade took place in New York City – The first American automobile race took place in Chicago on November 28,1895, and on the same day of the month in 1925, the Grand Ole Opry was founded by George D. Hay – San Jose was founded as Pueblo de San Jose de Guadalupe by Jose Joaquin Moraga on November 29, 1777, and on the same day of the month in 1877, Thomas Edison publicly demonstrated his phonograph for the first time – On November 30, 1934, the steam locomotive 4472 Flying Scotsman became the first to be authenticated as exceeding 100 mph, and on the same day of the month in 1982, pop legend Michael Jackson’s iconic album Thriller was released.

This Month in History - November

Month In History - First President to Occupy the White House - Month In History - Discovery of Tutankhamun's Tomb - Month In History - Death's of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid - Month In History - First Issue of the Rolling Stone - Month In History - Finding of David Livingstone- Month In History - Release of Fantasia - Month In History - Maiden Voyage of RMS Mauretania - Month In History - Sinking of the Essex by a Sperm Whale - Month In History - Death of Blackbeard the Pirate - Month In History - Assassination of President John F. Kennedy - Month In History

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