This Month in History - September

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Facts About the Month of September
The month of September is the ninth of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and consists of 30 days. It used to be the seventh month of ten and is named after the Latin word for seven, septem. The birthstone for this month is the Sapphire, and the Zodiac signs that cover this month are usually Virgo, from 1 to 22/23, and Pisces from 23/24 to 30, according to the Equinox.

What Important Historic Events Occurred During this Month?
The categories within these pages include Entertainment, War, Politics, Disasters, Battles, Transport, Births and Deaths. There are concise outlines of some of the most interesting events that took place in this month, Such as:

First Week in September
418 people died in the Great Hinckley Fire, which covered an area of approximately 400 miles, on September 1, 1894; and on the same day of the month in 1985, the wreck of HMS Titanic was discovered in the North Atlantic – The Great Fire of London started on September 2, 1666, in a bakery in Pudding Lane, and burned for 4 days. On the same day of the month in 1958, a U.S. Air Force C-130 was shot down in soviet airspace – Frederick Douglass escaped slavery when he boarded a train in Baltimore on September 3, 1838; and on the same day of the month in 1935, Sir Malcolm Campbell set a new land speed record of 301.337 miles per hour in Utah – Kodak was founded in Rochester, New York, on September 4, 1888, by George Eastman; and on the same day in 1972, Mark Spitz, an American swimmer, won his seventh gold medal of the games, becoming the first athlete to achieve this feat – Walt Disney’s short cartoon ‘Trolley Troubles’, featuring the forerunner to Mickey Mouse, was released on September 5, 1927; and on the same day of the month in 1977, the space probe Voyager I was launched by NASA – The first self service store, Piggly Wiggly, was launched in Memphis, Tennessee, on September 6, 1916; and the Funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales, was held on the same day of the month in 1997 – Jerusalem was attacked by the Romans and captured by September 7, AD66. The Temple was destroyed during the attack. On the same day of the month in 1921, the first Miss America Pageant was held in Atlantic City.

Second Week in September
Michelangelo’s sculpture ‘David’ was unveiled in Florence, Italy, on September 8, 1504. It had taken more than two years to complete. The body of Jack the Ripper’s second victim, Annie Chapman, was found in Whitechapel, London, on the same day of the month in 1888 – The Stono slave rebellion, led by ‘Jemmy’ took place in South Carolina, on September 9, 1739; and on the same day of the month in 1965, Hurricane Betsy devastated New Orleans, Louisiana, killing 76 people – Explorer and settler, John Smith, was made Council President of Jamestown, Virginia, on September 10, 1608; and on the same day of the month in 2008, the Large Hadron Collider, on the Swiss-French border began its testing – English explorer Henry Hudson discovered Manhattan Island, while searching for a passage to Asia, on September 11, 1609; and on the same day of the month in 2001, terrorist group, al-Quaeda, used four hijacked passenger aircraft to attack targets in the United States including the twin towers of the World Trade Center – On September 12, 1940, approximately 297,000 pounds of gunpowder exploded at the Hercules Powder Company plant in Kentucky; and on the same day of the month in 1994, Frank Eugene Corder, while under the influence of drink, crashed a stolen Cessna aircraft into the Whitehouse lawn after missing the Whitehouse itself – A patent for making flexible transparent (celluloid) film roll was granted to Hannibal Goodwin on September 13, 1898; and on the same day of the month in 1985, the Nintendo video platform game Super Mario Bros. Was released in Japan – United States President William McKinley died on September 14, 1901, eight days after being shot in the stomach by Leon Czolgosz; and on the same day of the month in 1975, Elizabeth Ann Seton was canonized by Pope Paul VI, making her America’s first Saint.

Third Week in September
The British built steam locomotive John Bull, was first used on the Camden and Amboy Railroad, New Jersey, on September 15, 1831; and on the same day of the month in 1835, Charles Darwin arrived at the Galapagos Islands aboard HMS Beagle – General Motors was founded by William C. Durant on September 16, 1908, in Michigan; and on the same day of the month in 1920, a bomb exploded on Wall Street, outside the J. P. Morgan headquarters, killing 38 people – The United States Constitution was signed on September 17, 1787, in Philadelphia; and on the same day of the month in 1849, abolitionist Harriet Tubman, who was born into slavery, escaped with her two brothers while they were working on a plantation in Caroline County – The cornerstone of the United States Capitol was laid, by George Washington, on September 18,1793; and on the same day of the month in 1873, Tiffany & Company was founded in Brooklyn, Connecticut – Jamestown, Virginia was burned to the ground by rebels during a rebellion against the Governor, William Berkeley, on September 19, 1676; and President James Garfield died on the same day in 1881, after being shot twice on July 2 – The first Cannes Film Festival opened in Cannes, France, on September 20, 1946. Brief Encounter was amongst the winners. Tennis player Billie Jean King beat Bobby Riggs in the second ‘Battle of the Sexes’ tennis match, on the same day of the month in 1973 – Benedict Arnold handed plans of West Point to British Major John Andre on September 21, 1780, following his decision to defect; and J.R.R. Tolkien’s book, The Hobbit, was published in London on the same day of the month in 1937.

Fourth Week in September
Following the Salem witch trials, the final eight hangings were carried out, in Massachusetts, on September 22, 1692; and on the same day of the month in 1888, the first edition of the National Geographic magazine was issued – Meriwether Lewis and William Clark returned to St. Louis on 23 September 1806, after exploring the lands obtained in the Louisiana Purchase; and on the same day of the month in 1980, Bob Marley performed his final concert, in Pittsburgh – On September 24, 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt declared Devils Tower to be a National Monument, the first in the United States; and the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise, was launched, in Virginia, on the same day of the month in 1960 – Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa first saw the Pacific Ocean on September 25, 1513, having crossed the Isthmus of Panama; and on the same day of the month in 1911, degraded propellant charges caused the French Battleship ‘Liberte’ to explode in Toulon, France – Sir Francis Drake arrived back in Plymouth, England, on September 26, 1580, after circumnavigating the globe; and the Beatles’ studio album ‘Abbey Road’ was released by Apple Records on the same day of the month in 1969 – French philologist, Jean-Francois Champollion, announced the decipherment of the Rosetta Stone, on September 27, 1822, in Paris, France; and on the same day of the month in 1954, the television show ‘Tonight Starring Steve Allen’, debuted on WNBT New York – George Washington, and his Continental Army, commenced the siege of Yorktown on September 28, 1781; and on the same day of the month in 1928, Alexander Fleming discovered a mould that he would name Penicillin – On September 29, 1789, the first United States Congress ended, having elected their officers and certified George Washington as President of the United States. On the same day of the month in 1829, London’s Metropolitan Police force was founded by Robert Peel – On September 30, 1939, the American football game, between the Waynesburg Yellow Jackets and the Fordham Rams, was broadcast by NBC, becoming the first televised game; and on the same day in 1955, actor James Dean was killed in an automobile accident in California.

This Month in History - September

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